Yunnan (Beautiful Clouds in the South) Province is the most southwest region of China bordering the countries of Vietnam, Laos, and Burma. Yunnan Province bordersGuizhou Province and Guangxi Zhang Autonomous Region to the east, Chongqing and Sichuan to the north, and Tibet Autonomous Region to the northwest. Yunnan encompasses
394,000 square kilometers (152,084 square miles) and has a population of more than 42 million people.Within these borders, Yunnan has a diverse topography that ranges from alpine mountain ranges to tropical rainforests and the greatest number of plant species in China (more than 18,000) as well as an incredible array of animals, including the Asian elephant and the protected Yunnan golden monkey. There is even a rainforest in the area known as Xishuangbanna where you will find many rare and endangered species of plants and animals.
Around the third century BC, the central area of Yunnan around present day Kunming was known as Dian. Zhuang Qiao came to this area and set himself up as "King of Dian". In 221 BC, Qin Shi Huang (the first emperor) unified China and extended his authority south. During the Three Kingdoms period, Yunnan was called Nanzhong. Yunman was changed largely by the war against Japan. Dian-Burma Road became the only road for China to contact with other countries.
Yunnan, called Dian for short, is situated in the Southwest frontier of China. Stretching tbr 864.9 kilometers from east to west and 990 kilometers from north to south,it covers an area of 394,000 square kilo-meters. Accounting for 4.1% of the total land area of China, it is the 8th largest province in China. With Kunming as its capital city; Yunnan has 8 municipalities and 8 national autonomous prefectures under its jurisdiction
Yunnan, a province of the People's Republic of China, is made up of the following administrative divisions:16 prefecture-level divisions;8 prefecture-level cities;8 autonomous prefectures ;129 county-level divisions ;9 county-level cities ;79 counties .
For its varied terrain, the weather in Yunnan is also different in different area. The climate change is really big in the same province. For example, you can travel to Jade Dragon Snow Mountain, one of China's major ski resorts, which located in the northwestern corner of the province. While you can also appreciate the tropical rainforest, Xishuangbanna, home to China's last remaining herds of wild Asian elephants, the environmentally-threatened (and now protected) Yunnan Golden Monkey, and many endangered species of plants as well as animals in Yunnan Province, now, from this example, you can feel the big changes in the different area.
Ethnic minority population totaled 14.7614 million.There live in Yunnan 25 ethnic minority groups, of which 15 are indigenous.The population of the Yi, Bai, Hani, Dai and Zhuang groups has each surpassed one million. The minority groups of the Miao, Lisu, Hui, Lahu, Wa, Naxi, Yao, Jingpo and Tibetan each exceeds 100,000. The Bulang, Buyi, Pumi, A'chang,Nu, Jino, De'ang and Mongolian each have a population of more than 10,000. The Shui, Manchu and Dulong has more than 4,000 people each.
Chinese people value the traditions, respect the old and regard the family hierarchy. The Chinese nod or bow slightly as a greeting, and shake hands in formal occasions saying "Ni Hao (How are you?)". They are not used to hugging.
There is not a habit of receiving tips in China.
Transportation in Yunnan
The transport infrastructure of Yunnan is served by numerous transport modes, and forms an integral part of the structure Yunnan Province and the Southwest of China. Yunnan is served by several civilian airports and a major highway and rail network. The province is served by a network of bus routes that radiates from the capitalcity, Kunming.Yunnan Province is large geographically and its transport hub is its capital, Kunming (prefecture-level city), which acts as an important gateway, linking China to Southeast Asia, South Asia and the Asia-Pacific region. Most travelers travel by flight or bus. However, railway and river travel is also possible.Train travel requires much more time than air travel.
Yunnan food is not too lite or too hot. It is in a popular style. Yunnan food and drink has outstanding ethnic and local color.Lijiang is a lazy and idyllic old city. The life style of Lijiang brings up the loose and no-pattern-sticking dining habit. Lijiang has been world famous,but its food is still hidden in boudoir and people rarely know it. In fact, snacks and menus of Lijiang are very varied. Kunming as the capital of Yunnan Province is the influx area of all kinds of Yunnan menus and snacks. People of Kunming are good at eating too. So, tourists can taste varied styles of Dian (Yunnan for short) dishes and snacks. From Dali, you can have all kinds of Yunnan dishes and snacks. Besides, Dali has special local menus, which you can not find from other places of Yunnan. The special dishes in Dali are cuisines of marine lives, because of an Erhai Lake there.
Yunnan has long been enjoying the reputations of "vegetable kingdom", "animal kingdom", "flower city" and "spring city", and even the "mine treasury". If the God wants to treat somebody favorable and warmly then, Yunnan absolutely is the lucky one. There are numerous specialties and craftworks can be found in Yunnan.
Sifang Square and other small lanes and streets of Lijiang Old City for local handmade fabrics, fabric scroll paintings, Lijiang paper-cut, Lijiang bronze wares,
woodcarvings and craftworks, Dongba batik, porcelains, leather products, silverware and jade articles, Dongba arts and crafts, tea, dried mushrooms…
Flower and Bird Markets and Nanping Jie Pedestrian Street, Shang Yi Jie for ivory carvings, Dai brocades, cigarettes, flowers, Pu Er Tea, mettledcopper,
jewelries and so on.
Dali Old Town, Foreigners Street and Xia Guan and Zhou Cun for marble products, plant-dyed cloth, Bai embroideries, Deng Chuan dairy products, arts and crafts,
antiques and so on.
Culture and Ecology Overview
Yunnan on the southern border of southwest China takes its name from its location to the south of the Yunling Mountains. It has an area over 390,000 square kilometers and a population of 31.74 million, of which 12.5 per cent live in the cities and the rest in the rural areas. Also a multi-national province, it is inhabited by about 10 million people, or one-third of the province"s total, from the minority nationalities including the Yis, Bais, Hanis, Zhuangs, Dais, Miaos, Lisus, Huis, Lahus, Vas, Naxis, Yaos, Tibetans, Jingpos, Blangs, Achangs, Nus, Pumis, Jinos, Benglongs, Mongolians and Drungs.
Lijiang, possibly the best preserved old town in China, is one of the last places in this country where a visitor can witness and experience a historic, traditional
urban culture. Lijiang, in south Yunnan Province, is the only Chinese city listed on UNESCO"s
Jade Dragon Snow Mountain
The mountain is 5,600 meters (18,400 ft) in altitude and the best-known massif in the province.
For many centuries, Dali was the principal city of Yunnan, far more important than Kunming. Dali was the capital of the Nanchao Kingdom which made its power felt deep
into China.Dali Ancient City, also called Yeyu City, Forbidden City, Zhonghezhen, lies 3 kilometers north from Xiaguan, the capital of Dali Prefecture. Embracing Erhai
Lake in the east and adjoining Cangshan Mountain in the west.
Kunming is the capital of Yunnan province. Beautiful Kunming is known as the City of Eternal Spring, The weather is as temperate as spring all year round, not having
severe winters or hot summers. An active commercial and industrial centre, Kunming is also a gateway to the south-western part of China and beyond. It is an industrial
city but with many beautiful natural sites such as lakes, caves and mountains, as well as the city's famous flowers that bloom all year round.
A region of typical karst formation, the Stone Forest covers an area of more than three hundred square kilometers.
Wish you a nice stay here! Welcome back to China again in the future!